White Earth Nation

FASD FAQ'S and Facts


What is FASD?

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in an unbrella term describing the ranges of effects that can occur in an individual who was prenatally exposed to alcohol.

Is there a cure for FASD?

FASD is permanent. It can not be cured. It is however 100% preventable.

If I only drink a small amount is my baby still at risk?

Yes. There is no known safe time, safe amount, or safe type of alcohol to drink while pregnant.

Once my baby is born is it safe to nurse if I only drink a small amount?

No. Alcohol passes through breast milk to the baby, and again there is no safe amount, time, or type of alcohol while pregnant or nursing.


  • Alcohol hurts at least 40,000 babies born each year.
  • 1 in 10 pregnant women drink alcohol and 1 in 25 women engages in binge drinking.
  • Children do not outgrow FASD. The physical and behavioral problems can last a life time.
  • The Center for Disease Control estimates that a child with FASD will cost $1.4 million over their lifetime for services to address their unique institutional and medical needs. The 8 strategies that work with FASD individuals.

 The 8 strategies that work with FASD individuals 

  1. Concrete- Talk in concrete terms, do not use words with double meaning, or idioms.
  2. Consistency- Because individuals with FASD have difficulty generalizing, they do best in an environment with few changes.
  3. Repetition- Individuals with FASD have chronic short- term memory problems, so therefore, it's important to re-teach and re-teach.
  4. Routine- Stable routines that don't change from day to day make it easier so that they know what to expect.
  5. Simplicity- Keep it short and to the point. Individuals with FASD are overly stimulated which can lead to them "shutting down."
  6. Specific- Say exactly what you mean because individuals with FASD have difficulty with abstractions, generalizations, and not being able to fill in the blanks.
  7. Structure- Structure is the glue that holds everything together.
  8.  Supervision- Because of their cognitive challenges, individuals with FASD bring a naivete to daily situations. They need constant supervision.