White Earth Nation

Risk Factors and Symptoms

Risk Factors

Diabetes is a silent disease. By the time it is diagnosed, damage to arteries, eyes, nerves and kidneys may have been already occuring for seven to ten years. Every minute at least one person is diagnosed with diabets. Risk factors include:

  • Weight- The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
  • Inactivity- Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
  • Family History- The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
  • Race- Native Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, African Americans and Asian Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
  • Age- The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age, especially after 45. People tend to excercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age.
  • Smoking-


  • Frequent unination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Increased fatigue
  • Irritability