White Earth Nation

More About Early Intervention

What is Early Intervention?

Broadly speaking, early intervention services are specialized health, educational, and therapeutic services designed to meet the needs of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth through age five, who have a developmental delay or disability. Services can also be provided to children birth through age two who are considered to be at-risk of developing substantial delays if services are not provided.

The process begins when someone (parent, family member, childcare provider, doctor) makes a referral for an initial evaluation. Parents, family members, doctors, hospitals, public health nurses, or childcare providers—all can refer a child to early intervention programs.

Click here to submit a referral.

Next, someone from the early intervention program makes contact to discuss concerns. Based on the information provided, a decision will be made to either do a full evaluation or begin with a screening. Parents must give permission in writing before the team can proceed with an evaluation. The initial evaluation of a child is required by IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) before any special education and related services can be provided to that child.

An evaluation team uses a variety of assessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional, developmental, and academic information about the child, including information provided by the parent. Evaluations examine all areas of a child’s functioning to determine not only if the child is a child with a disability, but also determine the child’s educational needs and guide decision-making about appropriate educational programming for the child. This full and individual evaluation includes evaluating the child’s:

o Health
o Vision and hearing
o Social and emotional status
o General intelligence
o Academic performance
o Communicative status
o Motor abilities
o Self-help skills

Who is eligible for services?

PART-C Services: Birth-2

Under the IDEA, “infants and toddlers with disabilities” are defined as children from birth through age two who need early intervention services because they are experiencing developmental delays, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas:

o Cognitive development
o Physical development, including vision and hearing
o Communication development
o Social or emotional development
o Adaptive development (self-help skills); or
o Have a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay.

PART-B Services: Children 3-21

Children ages 3 through 5 that have been identified by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures to have a disability as defined by one of the categories listed below are eligible for preschool services.

o Autism
o Emotional Disturbance
o Deaf
o Multiple Disabilities
o Other Health Impairment
o Speech/Language Impairment
o Visual Impairment

o Deaf-Blindness
o Hearing Impairment
o Mental Retardation
o Orthopedic Impairment
o Specific Learning Disability
o Traumatic Brain Injury
o Developmental Delay

Click here to submit a referral.