Archives/Cultural Resources



Cultural Resources are defined as prehistoric and historic archaeological or anthropological sites, objects, historic standing structures, sacred and burial locations, and areas where traditional practices resources or cultural properties are used, located or collected. All of these resources are important to the White Earth Band of Minnesota Chippewa.


The value of the cultural resources for the White Earth Band is in the stories they tell about former ways of life, human adaptation to the environment, and the oral history of the Anishinaabeg. The value placed upon the resource may be aesthetic, historical, scientific, traditional, interpretive, utilitarian, or any combination of the above, and often depends upon the integrity (i.e., availability and lack of disturbance of modification) of the resource or its surroundings.


Administered by the National Parks Service (link to NPS THPO site), Tribal Historic Preservation Offices and Officers (THPO) give tribes the authority to ensure the protection and preservation of traditional cultural properties found on the tribe’s ancestral and modern lands. Section 101 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as amended (or NHPA) established this program. In 1999, the White Earth Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe joined a growing number of tribes in the country and established by resolution a Tribal Historic Preservation Office. A THPO is the tribal counterpart of a State Historic Preservation Officer, or SHPO. The THPO assumes all or partial responsibilities of the SHPO with respect to tribal lands. As of May 2014, more than 140 THPOs have been approved across the United States.


The White Earth Tribal Historic Preservation Office is responsible for compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act, National Historic Preservation Act, and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The THPO is the primary and official point of contact in all matters relating to cultural resources and archives within the White Earth Reservation.


Jaime Arsenault

Tribal Historic Preservation Officer (THPO)

NAGPRA Representative


PO Box 418

White Earth, MN 56569


Phone#: 218.983.3285 Ext. 5807